Philodendron Micans | Plant Care Guide

Philodendron Micans Care

One of those beautiful houseplants that we all have come across while scrolling the web is Philodendron Micans, adorned by pretty heart-shaped leaves and breathtaking hues. If you don’t have lots of space around your house or workplace but still want to get a Philodendron to decorate, this plant will not fail you.

Philodendron Micans look great with their brightly colored leaves. Grow them in hanging planters and let the vines trail down, or let them climb a pole, or put them in large pots in your room. If you wonder whether this plant should be on your to-grow list or not, scroll down to learn everything about caring for Philodendrons, propagating them, and so much more!

Botanical NamePhilodendron hederaceum
Common NamePhilodendron mican
Size8-10 inches tall and 24 inches wide
DifficultyEasy
Pet FriendlyNo. Toxic to pets
Air CleanerYes

Philodendron Micans Origin

Micans is a type of Philodendron that comes from the large genus of plants in the Araceae family. Originating from Central America, Philodendron Micans is a vining plant native to Dominica and Tobago’s Caribbean islands.  

In nature, this species can grow on other plants (epiphytic) or grow on rock surfaces (epilithic). The plant grows naturally in forests with high humidity, rooting itself to trees.

As an indoor plant, Philodendron micans can be trained to grow in hanging baskets or grow up moss poles. 

Philodendrons are very easy-going and can withstand some neglect, including poor soil, low light, and missed watering sessions. What makes them even better is their efficiency in removing harmful indoor pollutants such as formaldehyde.

The leaves’ soft-to-touch, velvety texture makes Philodendron Micans stand out, while the heart-like shape of the leaves makes them aesthetically pleasing. The leaves’ color can range from deep green or rusty hues, but they never grow more than 3 inches in width. The neatly packed look and dense nodes are another characteristic feature of Philodendron Micans.

How to Care for Philodendron Micans

Philodendron Micans are as easy to care for as they are gorgeous to look at. Here’s how you can provide your plant with the right amount of water and light while ensuring it gets an optimal soil mix, timely pruning, and repotting.

Light and Temperature

The best spots to place your Philodendron Micans plant are in bright, indirect light. Make sure you don’t put the plant in direct sun to avoid burning the delicate leaves. The plant can also thrive in low-light conditions but will witness slow growth. It’s advised to place your Philodendron in front of an East facing or North facing window.

If you don’t have the same, the plant will also thrive well when placed around 5-10 feet away from a West facing or South facing window. It’s recommended not to place your plant in a location that’s very near to other buildings or alleys as it can decrease the amount of available light quite heavily.

Speaking of temperature, the ideal range for the healthy growth of Philodendrons is between 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, while during the nights, your plant thrives well above 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Any temperature conditions that fall beyond the favorable measurements will only slow down the plant’s growth. It requires a temperature that matches that of the Dominican Republic, where the average temperature remains close to 77 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the year. 

Water

The best time to water your Philodendron Micans is when the top inch or two of the potting soil is dry. How often you water the plant depends on numerous factors that play a crucial role in drying out the potting mix, including humidity, light levels reaching the plant, and more. However, a good rule of thumb is to water the plant every week or every ten days.

To check if the soil is dry, you can dip your index finger a little into the soil. If it’s dry, you can water the plant as it’s time to increase the moisture levels of your Philodendron. Make sure to always keep the soil moist during the spring and summer months, while you should allow the soil to completely dry out between two watering sessions during the winter months. Too much water or underwatering is a common reason for droopy leaves, but the leaves recover quickly after fixing the watering schedule and amount.

Tap water works just fine for watering Philodendron Micans, but you need to watch out for salty water that can cause problems if it builds up in the soil over time. Chlorine water is also safe for this plant, and you can also use filtered water to get it done. If your Philodendron Micans receive excess water, the plant leaves will begin to wilt, while some will turn a bright yellow. Your plant needs more water if you see the leaves turning crispy or brown.

Philodendrons survive best in places with high humidity, but they can tolerate low humidity too. If your house seems too dry in terms of its air, especially during the colder months – your Philodendrons can benefit from tepid water misting.

Fertilization

The most favorable soil for the healthy growth of Philodendron Micans is a well-drained, loose soil that contains loads of organic matter. It’s a good idea to combine potting soil with some peat moss to make your plant grow healthier and quicker. Philodendron Micans is a very fast-growing plant. You need to feed it every month with good-quality fertilizers during its growth stage. The spring and summer months call for proper fertilization, while the cooler months require you to feed the plant once every six to eight weeks.

Regular houseplant food, i.e., a balanced liquid foliage houseplant fertilizer rich in essential macro-nutrients, works wonders for Philodendrons. A sign that your plant is suffering from inadequate fertilization is slow growth and small leaves. If the leaves look pale, it indicates that your plant is deficient in magnesium and calcium.

Flowering

Philodendron Micans is a houseplant that doesn’t flower unless it reaches maturity, which takes 15 to 16 years. Mature plants sport green color spathes adorned by white spadix. While the blooms can appear at any time of the year, the most favorite time is summer, specifically May to July.

Pruning

While a Philodendron doesn’t call for a lot of pruning, trimming the vines will give your plant a richer look by encouraging new growth. Not trimming the vines will make single strands continue growing with no appropriate branching. Pruning allows the plant to form beautiful, bushy leaves. You can also perform pruning to remove leggy vines. Make sure to use sterilized pruning shears to get the task done, trimming about one-fourth of an inch above a node. You can also prune off any yellow or dying leaves.

Repotting

As your lovely Philodendron Micans witnesses growth in size, the plant’s root system will keep expanding too. If it doesn’t get enough space, the plant will likely curl up into a ball-like formation that will reduce the Philodendron’s future growth. It also puts the plant at risk of dying altogether.

If you meet the right growing conditions for your plant, you may need to go for repotting quite often to allow the plant to keep growing in height. Accommodating the Philodendron with sufficient space is very crucial to its overall health.

Once it’s time to repot the plant, make sure you schedule the task before the onset for a new growing season, i.e., spring. Dislodging the plant calls for using an ample amount of water the day before you are going to repot it – this is going to reduce the stress on the delicate Philodendron.

When you repot the plant, make sure to size up only about 2 inches to prevent root rot from occurring. The idea is to provide the Philodendron ample room to flourish without actually drowning it. Lastly, make sure to choose a pot with a drainage hole to prevent overwatering.

Pests

Philodendron Micans can get infested by a few insect pests that include scales, aphids, mealybugs, and spider mites. A major sign of pests is a sticky residue on the leaves and around the plant. 

Misting your Philodendron with fresh cool water can work wonders in keeping spider mites at bay. Other pests can be removed using low-toxic insecticide sprays that contain horticultural oils, insecticidal soaps, or Neem oil. Make sure to check underneath the leaves and in crevices regularly for pests.

Diseases

Yellow Leaves

Yellow leaves can be caused by too much or too little light, nutrient deficiency, underwatering or overwatering. If your plant develops yellow leaves, you will want to check the light source and make sure you are watering it properly. 

Brown Crispy Leaves

Brown, crispy leaves can result from too much or too little water, direct light, inadequate humidity, or excess fertilizer:

  1. Evaluate the light situation of your plant and move it out of direct sunlight.
  2. Check the soil mix for moisture levels and provide the plant with some humidity if not already doing so.
  3. Make sure the fertilization is right.

Plant Legginess

Although not a disease, this plant is prone to legginess like other vining species. It usually happens when the plant struggles to reach out for more light and makes it look visually unpleasing. You can cure this by increasing the light around your plant while making sure to avoid direct sunlight.

How to Propagate Philodendron Micans

Philodendron Micans is a plant that you can easily propagate with two different methods; directly in water or in potting soil. Here’s what you need to do.

Propagation in Water

  • Grab a pair of scissors to trim about one-fourth inch below a node on a vine that features fewer leaves. Make sure to include the node to allow the growth of new roots.
  • Place the vine cutting in a water container, putting at least one node under the surface while removing any leaves from the stem that sit underwater.
  • Place the jar at a spot with bright, indirect light, further changing the water every few days.
  • You will see roots sprouting from the nodes in just a matter of few days. You can transfer the cuttings into potting soil mix after a few weeks until the roots get around 3 inches long.
  • Once transferred into a new pot, follow the right care routine for your plant, and it will exhibit healthy growth.

Propagation in Potting Soil Mix

  • Use a pair of scissors to cut around one-fourth inch below a node on a Philodendron vine that sports fewer leaves. Include the node on the cutting to allow new roots to sprout from.
  • Plant the cutting directly into a pot-filled moistened potting mix while making sure at least one node lies beneath the potting mix. Don’t bury any of the plant leaves.
  • Place the pot in a bright spot with indirect light, further keeping the soil moist but not too wet. To provide ample humidity, you can place a clear plastic bag on the plant, opening it every few days to allow the passage of fresh air.
  • Within a few weeks, you will witness a new root system and new growth on the cutting. Giving your plant a gentle tug will help you determine that the roots have developed if there is resistance in moving it.

Another method is to put the whole cutting down so that it lies on top of the potting soil mix and has the nodes facing down into the mix. You can use paper clips or bobby pins to fasten the vine to the mix for some time. Make sure to keep the soil moist but not too damp and put the same in bright, indirect light. The nodes will take roots eventually.

Frequently Asked Questions about Philodendron Micans

This houseplant is a very fast-growing species and can reach several feet in a year. The roots take no more than 2-3 weeks to start forming, and the plant typically reaches 8-12 inches in height while hitting 24 inches in spread. They grow very fast and need a hanging basket for potting or allowed to climb a structure.

Coffee is a wonderful solution for perking up your philodendrons if they exhibit slow growth. You can mix the grounds with the potting soil or water your plant with a solution of coffee and water in equal proportions. Coffee grounds work as natural fertilizers and don’t change the soil’s pH levels. Coffee grounds also provide nitrogen to the soil, thereby making the Philodendrons develop better. Coffee grounds are also excellent when it comes to keeping Philodendron veins strong and flexible.

Philodendron Micans can survive in dry living conditions, and that’s why they live well in normal household humidity levels. However, you will encourage your plant to grow healthier and bigger by providing it with higher humidity. That’s where a humidifier can come in handy to make your Philodendron Micans fuller and healthier.

Philodendrons live surprisingly long lives that can extend up to several decades. This plant species is much harder to kill than to keep alive. Some people have had their Philodendrons for over 50 years.

Timely pruning your Philodendron will make it fuller as the growth auxins push out new growth, usually right below where you pruned off the plant vine. This not only produces a much healthier plant but also promotes the development of new roots.

It has become relatively easy to get Philodendron Micans for your home in recent years, while earlier, some people relied on their friends giving them a fresh cutting. 

Philodendron is believed to be a lucky plant, mainly because the shape of its leaves mimic the fire element. This plant can brighten up dark corners in areas that otherwise feel low on energy, bringing warmth to cold areas. The humble Philodendron Micans are known for their relaxing Feng Shui energy and are best placed in the southeast or east areas of your house. Some believe that the plant represents great abundance.

Final Thoughts

What can be better than going for a beautiful plant that doesn’t even require much attention when it comes to sprucing up your space with some extra prettiness? All it takes is to provide a healthy environment for your Philodendron Micans to grow, and it will light up the whole room with stunning velvety leaves and rich vines. Water the plant right, don’t expose it to direct light, and feed it the right amount of fertilizers – and voila! Your Philodendron Micans is only going to uplift your mood with all the positivity it has got to offer. 

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