Anthurium Veitchii Plant Care Guide

Known as the King of Anthurium, looking at the majestic Anthurium veitchii growers know they have a unique and vibrant plant.

Their leaves grow large in size reaching nearly six feet in length. The foliage changes appearance and shape as the plant grows. Basically, no two leaves have the same look.

Adding one of these large plants to the home or office is a rewarding experience because caring for them is not too challenging. Adhere to the following advice, and these plants will thrive and seem like best friends.

anthurium veitchii plant

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Botanical NameAnthurium veitchii
Common NameKing Anthurium
SizeLeaves can grow up to 6 feet long
DifficultyEasy
Pet FriendlyToxic to pets
Air CleanerYes

Anthurium Veitchii Origin

Anthurium veitchii is a tropical epiphytic plant originating from Colombia. Also known as King Anthurium, these plants grow spectacularly large foliate. Once considered a rare houseplant, their popularity grew among collectors. Growers can now find them in most garden centers. If not, they can order them.

In their native surroundings, these epiphytes grow on trees, growing high up in the tropical rainforest canopy. Indoors, these Anthuriums can grow in containers or hanging orchid baskets.

These indoor plants take their scientific name from a Scottish horticulturist named John Veitch. In the 19th century, Veitch established the Veitch dynasty, creating a South West England company, known as Veitch Nurseries, reasonably large family-run nurseries in Europe. Apparently, Veitch had a knack for growing exotic plants, and King Anthurium was one of them. 

When these plants mature, their leaves appear spear-like, elongated, and dark green color with a leathery, thick feel. The midrib and veins become more prominent, displaying foliage with a ridged appearance. Indoors, their leaves grow smaller, about three feet in length, with long leafstalks (petioles) and turn these plants into a magnificent centerpiece or chief attraction in a home or office. 

How to Care for Anthurium Veitchii

Their large, glossy leaves and majestic appearance can seem daunting. But taking care of these tropical plants is not as challenging as most growers might think. Following these plant care tips ensures there are no difficulties or unforeseen problems.

Light and Temperature

Bright, filtered light is ideal for the Anthurium veitchii, though they can tolerate partial shade, just not all the time. It’s a delicate balance to find the perfect location for these plants. In fact, direct sunlight scorches their leaves, bearing browning edges and discoloration.

In a shady or low-light spot, King Anthurium’s leaves will struggle to produce enough photosynthesis, causing leggy growth with yellow chlorosis stains because of a scarcity of chlorophyll in the leaves.

Ideally, collectors keep their Anthurium veitchii thriving with eastern exposure. In fact, these plants can endure direct sunlight in the morning for a couple of hours. And let them stay close to the window. If not, placing them near a window with a sheer curtain will also work.

Southern exposure, place these between two to three feet from the window, ensuring there are sheer curtains. These curtains will filter out the intense noontime sun. Regrettably, growers can’t place these beauties in a north-facing room. It’s too dark for these houseplants.

Anthurium veitchii requires indoor temperatures between 59- and 78-degrees Fahrenheit. These tropical beauties enjoy cooler temperatures, producing abundant growth when the room is not too hot. Say the temperatures soar over 84 degrees Fahrenheit. Growers will notice stunted growth, mainly if the air goes parched.

Conversely, permanent damage will occur if these plants are in temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit for a long time.

The idea is to keep the temperatures balanced without fluctuations, ensuring Anthuriums stay away from heaters and air vents. These plants are super sensitive to cold and hot drafts or sudden shifts in temperatures.

Frequently, such fluctuations shock King Anthuriums. Cold drafts, especially, can quickly kill these houseplants. Collectors can tell when one of these plants experienced exposure to drafts. They droop, then leaves fade or turn yellow. Burn-like marks appear, and the majestic plants look sickly.

These majestic plants need lots of humidity, with levels near 60 percent or higher, because in their native range, the humidity is 100 percent. Growers meeting their air moisture level may seem complicated, with most indoors around 30 to 40 percent humidity.

When the air is too dry, collectors notice that the leaves of the King Anthurium become faded and have brown, crispy edges. High humidity encourages these houseplants to grow healthy, glossy leaves and foliage, unfurling faster and growing larger.

A humidifier is a best and most effective way to meet the Anthurium veitchii requirements to thrive. It’s a great help, particularly during the winter months when keeping the indoors warm causes the air to dry out even more. Set the humidifier at about 70 to 80 percent, and collectors never need to worry about placing water bowls near the plants or daily misting.

Water

Anthurium veitchii loves water and needs watering regularly and abundantly. Water at least once every five to seven days throughout the spring and summer months. In the winter months, growers can cut back with less frequency.

Allow the topsoil of the planting mix to dry out barely between waterings. Constantly wet soil becomes a hotbed for pathogens, resulting in root rot. Growers want to keep the potting mix moist but not soggy.

These beauties love being soaked and drained. Drizzle water through the topsoil. When the water drips through the drainage holes, stop watering. Anthurium veitchii are enormous plants. Giving them a soak in the shower with room temperature water helps them thrive. After, let the pot drain out before setting them back on their tray.

When growing King Anthurium, most collectors use orchid bark, peat moss, and sand. That way, the water drains out properly. In fact, the most common problem with these plants is overwatering.

Fertilizer

These King Anthuriums thrive from monthly fertilizing during the spring and summer months. In the winter months, these plants become dormant and require no additional feeding. In contrast, collectors using growth lights during the darker months kept fertilizing every six to eight weeks.

Liquid fertilizer intended for aroids works best with a ratio of 12-12-12. More mature plants require fertilizers rich in phosphorous, like orchid fertilizer, to help these plants bloom. As an organic option, bonemeal or fish emulsion works well. Dilute these fertilizers more than the manufacturer’s guidelines for best results.

Flush out salts and minerals in the topsoil while using the fertilizers. If their leaves droop or show brown tips, or even fresh growth is wilting and small, give the plants’ potting mix a good flush in a shower. For safekeeping, once a month, slowly stream water through the potting mix for 10 minutes if you notice salt and mineral buildup. Then, allow the planter to drain, and repeat the same method for another ten minutes.

Flowering

As part of the Araceae family, Anthurium veitchii plants are aroids, producing arrow-shaped inflorescences. These inflorescences form light green spathe and a spadix as cream or pale pink.

Having two of these houseplants together enables them to cross-pollinate, producing berry-like fruit that contains seeds used for propagation.

Pruning

These majestic plants need regular pruning. Use a sterilized and sharp pair of pruning shears to cut away old, yellowing leaves, starting at the bottom of the Anthurium plants. The mature plants have clusters of red cataphylls at the bottom of their leaves. These are leaves but designed to protect young leaves before they unfurl. Growers can pluck the cataphylls with their fingers when completely dried out.

Collectors will dust the large leaves once a week, using a damp cloth and wiping the front and back of the leaves.

Repotting

Anthurium veitchii plants are slow growers, producing one new leaf every three months. For that reason, they need repotting once every two to three years when the roots come through the drainage holes of the planter.

Spring and summer are ideal for repotting a King Anthurium. Start by holding the bottom stems or base of the plant and gently pull the plant from its container. Next, remove as much old potting soil as possible.

Then, place the houseplant in a planter that is one size larger. Fill the empty area of the pot with a well-draining potting mix, such as a mixture of orchid bark, peat moss and sand. Water the Anthurium well, monitor it for a few weeks and ensure there is no setback from the transplant.

Pests

The leathery, thick leaves of the King Anthurium make them resistant to most pests, but growers report that sometimes, their plants suffer from an infestation of thrips. These tiny insects will feed on the plant’s tissue, causing silvery-white spots and discoloration of their foliage.

To treat these houseplants for thrips, remove any infected leaves with pruning shears. Then spray the Anthurium veitchii with an insecticidal soap solution. Repeat the treatment as necessary until there are no more signs of thrips.

Diseases

Root rot is the most common disease and problem when growing King Anthuriums. Overwatering, wrong potting mix and inadequate draining holes cause the concern. Symptoms consist of yellowing, drooping leaves that turn brown and soft right away.

To treat root rot:

  1. Remove the plant from its pot.
  2. Use a sterilized blade and cut off all black and soft roots.
  3. Repot the Anthurium in a well-draining container with proper potting mix — a mixture of orchid bark, sand and peat moss.

How to Propagate Anthurium Veitchii

The ideal time to propagate these houseplants is spring and summer, throughout their growing season. Winter is not a good time. These King Anthuriums like to have their time out when the sunlight is shorter and nights are longer.

It’s a rewarding experience when growers successfully propagate their plants, particularly these Anthurium veitchii plants. There are two ways to propagate these beauties: plant division and stem cuttings.

Stem Cuttings

  1. Look at the plant and find a healthy stem with two or more growth nodes. And, nodes with aerial roots are even better, making the propagation faster. A leaf or two attached to the stem is unnecessary but helpful in speeding up the rooting process.
  2. Use sterilized sharp pruning shears or scissors. Cut the stem into a 1-inch section. Growers, making more than one cut, sterilize their shears between each cut.
  3. Use a plastic container for each cutting. Make sure the pots have well-drained holes and contain sphagnum moss or perlite.
  4. Place the cutting in its pot with half of it above the potting mix.
  5. Use a spray to moisten the soil and cover the container with a transparent plastic sheet or a Ziplock bag. The moisture remains around the cutting and encourages the roots to grow faster.
  6. Keep the planters in a warm area with bright, indirect sunlight. Ensure the potting mix remains moist and doesn’t dry out, misting as needed daily.
  7. The cuttings will form roots and small leaves in six to eight weeks. Have them remain in their plastic containers for two more weeks and transplant them to a larger pot.

Plant Division

The simplest way to propagate Anthurium veitchii is plant division. For growers with a large cluster, dividing the houseplant is much easier. Collectors unusually do this method when their Anthurium needs repotting. That way, they avoid disturbing the roots so much.

  1. Start with taking the plant out of its pot. 
  2. Remove as much potting mix as possible until the plant’s roots become exposed. 
  3. Use the fingers, untangling the roots to separate a smaller plant from the principal plant.
  4. Then, take the baby King Anthurium and place it in a planter filled with potting mix that drains well. 
  5. Monitor the houseplant for two to three weeks, ensuring the roots become established.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Anthurium Veitchii rare?

The Anthurium veitchii was once a rare houseplant, but its popularity has grown among dedicated collectors. Most people can find these beauties at local garden centers. 

How long does it take for Anthurium veitchii to mature?

The King Anthurium plants grow slowly, taking about three months to develop a new leaf. Timing their maturity depends on their growing conditions. With proper lighting and humidity, they will mature faster. The plants can take about three to six months to develop into noticeable plants from seedlings. 

Is Anthurium veitchii easy to grow?

For beginners, the plant is difficult to grow because certain environmental conditions need to be in place to have a thriving Anthurium. But, if one is a seasoned collector and understands watering, humidity and lighting, then these houseplants are a joy to grow. 

Is Anthurium veitchii toxic to pets?

Yes. These indoor plants contain calcium oxalate crystals in their leaves and stems. So, the Anthurium veitchii is toxic to pets and humans. Lips and mouth swelling or burning, vomiting or nausea are signs of toxicity. 

Final Thoughts

Anthurium veitchii is not the first plant beginners want to grow. But once they become familiar with creating ideal growing conditions for houseplants, these regal plants can add a tremendous amount of beauty to a home or office. Their unique leaves compel plant lovers to grow them. Collectors even find them easy to grow. 

Following these plant care tips will help ensure these beauties thrive into kings!

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